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Friday - September 22, 2017

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [penny]

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penny

PEN'NY, n. plu. pennies or pence. Pennies denotes the number of coins; pence the amount of pennies in value.

1. An ancient English silver coin; but now an imaginary money of account, twelve of which are equal to a shilling. It is the radical denomination from which English coin is numbered.

2. In ancient English statutes, any or all silver money.

3. Proverbially, a small sum. He will not lend a penny.

4. Money in general.

Be sure to turn the penny.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [penny]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

PEN'NY, n. plu. pennies or pence. Pennies denotes the number of coins; pence the amount of pennies in value.

1. An ancient English silver coin; but now an imaginary money of account, twelve of which are equal to a shilling. It is the radical denomination from which English coin is numbered.

2. In ancient English statutes, any or all silver money.

3. Proverbially, a small sum. He will not lend a penny.

4. Money in general.

Be sure to turn the penny.

PEN'NY, n. [plur. Pennies or Pence. Pennies denotes the number of coins; pence the amount of pennies in value. Sax. penig; D. and Sw. penning; G. pfennig; Dan. penge, money.]

  1. An ancient English silver coin; but now an imaginary money of account, twelve of which are equal to a shilling. It is the radical denomination from which English coin is numbered. – Johnson.
  2. In ancient English statutes, any or all silver money.
  3. Proverbially, a small sum. He will not lend a penny.
  4. Money in general. Be sure to turn the penny. – Dryden.

Pen"ny
  1. Denoting pound weight for one thousand; -- used in combination, with respect to nails; as, tenpenny nails, nails of which one thousand weight ten pounds.
  2. An English coin, formerly of copper, now of bronze, the twelfth part of an English shilling in account value, and equal to four farthings, or about two cents; -- usually indicated by the abbreviation d. (the initial of denarius).

    * "The chief Anglo-Saxon coin, and for a long period the only one, corresponded to the denarius of the Continent . . . [and was] called penny, denarius, or denier." R. S. Poole. The ancient silver penny was worth about three pence sterling (see Pennyweight). The old Scotch penny was only one twelfth the value of the English coin. In the United States the word penny is popularly used for cent.

  3. Worth or costing one penny.
  4. Any small sum or coin; a groat; a stiver.

    Shak.
  5. Money, in general; as, to turn an honest penny.

    What penny hath Rome borne,
    What men provided, what munition sent?
    Shak.

  6. See Denarius.

    Penny cress (Bot.), an annual herb of the Mustard family, having round, flat pods like silver pennies (Thlaspi arvense). Dr. Prior. -- Penny dog (Zoöl.), a kind of shark found on the South coast of Britain: the tope. -- Penny father, a penurious person; a niggard. [Obs.] Robinson (More's Utopia). -- Penny grass (Bot.), pennyroyal. [R.] -- Penny post, a post carrying a letter for a penny; also, a mail carrier. -- Penny wise, wise or prudent only in small matters; saving small sums while losing larger; -- used chiefly in the phrase, penny wise and pound foolish.

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Penny

PEN'NY, noun plural pennies or pence. Pennies denotes the number of coins; pence the amount of pennies in value.

1. An ancient English silver coin; but now an imaginary money of account, twelve of which are equal to a shilling. It is the radical denomination from which English coin is numbered.

2. In ancient English statutes, any or all silver money.

3. Proverbially, a small sum. He will not lend a penny

4. Money in general.

Be sure to turn the penny

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— GOTTUNG (San Mateo, CA)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

denunciator

DENUNCIATOR, n.

1. He that denounces; one who publishes or proclaims, especially intended evil; one who threatens.

2. An accuser; one who informs against another.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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